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Welcome to the Vermont family history research page. Here you'll find record collection links, history, and genealogy resources to help you trace your Vermont ancestors.
The “Green Mountain” state is well known for its gorgeous scenery and as a popular place for skiers, autumn “leaf peepers”, and those who generally love the outdoors. It is also a tremendously historical location that has connections to Native American heritage, all of the continental American wars, and to many waves of immigration and settlement. This is why there is such a high demand for Vermont genealogy material, and this article will explain the basics of conducting some research.
The area that is now Vermont was originally claimed by a French explorer in 1609. His name was Samuel de Champlain. In 1666, the French created their first settlement, which was called Fort Ste. Anne. It wasn't until 1724 that English settlers came to the area, building Fort Drummer, which was constructed in what is now Brattleboro, Vermont. After the French and Indian Wars, in 1763, the English got control of what is now Vermont.
Vermont is one of the smallest states in the country. While it lies fairly close to the coast, the 17th century coastal residents really didn't travel there very much. It took until 1724 for the first permanent settlement to be established there and the population grew very slowly over the next half century or so. Vermont was the first state to join the United states after the original 13 states. It became the 14th state in the nation on March 4, 1791.
Although most of the eastern seaboard is caught up in various forms of industry, most parts of Vermont are not industrial or densely settled. Much of its economy is based on industrial activities, but it also has a lot of farmland as well. The state is also well known as a great place to vacation at almost any time of year. People who live in urban parts of Canada and the United States often travel to Vermont to get a taste of rural life.
Vermont is bordered by Massachusetts (south), New Hampshire (east), New York (west) and Canada (north). It has a land area of 9,615 square miles making it the 45th largest state. The 2010 population was 625,741 and the largest cities (2010) are Burlington, 42,417; Essex, 19,587; South Burlington, 17,993; Colchester 17,067; Rutland, 16,495; Bennington 15,764, Brattleboro 12,046; Milton, 10,352; Hartford, 9,952; Springfield, 9,078; Barre, 9,052; Williston, 8,698; Middlebury, 8,496.
Vermont's name comes from the French words for green mountain, "mont vert." Its nickname is " Green Mountain State " The State Motto is " Freedom and Unity ".
As you start to search for Vermont genealogy information, you will quickly see that your resources will be found either online and offline. “Offline” simply means that there are a lot of smaller towns or local archives that have not yet put their collections into online digital archives or databases. This means that your first step in starting to search for Vermont genealogy materials is to develop a list of the different records that you will explore in the “real world”.
This must begin, however, with some background information about the basic locations for finding such genealogical materials.
Essential Tools for Vermont Genealogy Data - This article is going to provide you with information and tips about the resources for anyone doing research for Vermont genealogy. It is important to understand that this basic list is one that all researchers for Vermont genealogy will use, and it includes:
The Main Resources for Vermont Genealogy - There are many reliable resources for Vermont genealogy information. The most substantial records for Vermont genealogy can be found at:
Additionally, many records can be found at the following:
There is also the information from the Genealogical Society of Vermont website: http://www.genealogyvermont.org/.
Lastly, websites such as those listed below will provide state-specific genealogical details for those searching for Vermont genealogy details: